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When debt collection meets the judicial system: terms that you should know

Superior Court

This court handles civil matters above $25,000.00. It also deals with injunctions, construction liens and criminal matters . It has Family Courts that obliviously deal with family issues and criminal matters over $5000.00

Court of Appeal for Ontario

This is where cases wind up when a litigant is not satisfied with a judgment from the Superior Court and strongly feel a mistake has been made. It is not enough to believe that the judge has not been fair or that the judge believed the “wrong” party over the other. Being unsatisfied with a judgment rendered is not enough give it standing in front of the Court of Appeals. The appellant (person filing the appeal) has to show that the judge made an error in law or that evidence that was not allowed in should been entered.

The judges on The Appeal Court make their decision based on the entire court transcript of the trial that is submitted with your lawyers arguments on specifically what error the judge made.

Since the Supreme Court of Canada generally deals with very few cases per year it means that over 90% of the time this court is usually pretty much the last stop for a litigant unless the case is dealing with a very unusual matter or legal issue

Deputy- Judge

A deputy Judge usually sits on the Small Claims Court bench, and makes decisions on cases of $25,000.00 or less. They are generally practicing lawyers who sit as judges several times a month.